The Judicial Committee is formed by two courts: the Court of First Instance and the Court of Appeal. The Court of Appeal is the final court of appeal within the Union, whereas the Court of First Instance primarily deals with cases at first instance.
The Court of First Instance hears:
- charges of offences contrary to statutes laid against a Union Member
- charges laid against a public officer of the Union following an impeachment
- application for judicial review
The Court of Appeal hears appeals from the Court of First Instance, as well as points of law relating to the Constitution referred to by the President of the Union or the Chairperson of the Representative Council.